Common Gynecological Problems

7 Common Gynecological Problems among Indian Women in 2019-2020

Every woman likes to maintain good personal hygiene, but sometimes gynecological problems pop up like an uninvited guest. 

So, which are some common gynecological problems that should evoke your concern? 

Let us increase your general awareness by discussing some common gynecological issues. Here are some common gynecological issues that should call to mind:

Common Gynecological Problems in women
A file photo of women in pain. Source
1. PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

It is one of the most common gynecological problems among the women around the globe. Anyone having this condition may have prolonged or infrequent menstrual cycles. She may also have increased amounts of androgen, a male hormone, in her body.  In this condition, several follicles may appear on the ovaries, which may cause hindrance in releasing the egg. The most common reasons that may cause PCOS are excessive levels of androgen in the body, genetic causes or because of excessive insulin in the body. Women suffering from PCOS may experience abdominal obesity, acne, may become prone to diabetes, experience menstrual abnormality or may face infertility issues. In the recent times PCOS is seen commonly among women within the age band of 18 to 45 years in India.

2. Vaginitis

Are you having pain while peeing, vaginal itching or irritation, foul-smelling vaginal discharge and any such symptoms? Chances are it might be Vaginitis. Any woman who is in her reproductive phase may experience this condition that is characterised by inflammation in the vagina. Vaginitis may occur due to infection, sexual intercourse, taking antibiotic medication, using spermicidal creams or because of changing hormones. India sees more than 10 million cases of women per year suffering from this gynecological problem.

3. UTI or Urinary Tract Infection

UTI is one of the most common gynecological problems that are faced by women of all age groups. This usually occurs when the bacteria present in the vagina or anus, move up to the urethra and bladder, and in some cases even kidneys. A woman may become more susceptible to this infection if she faces a problem with her pelvic nerves or muscles if she has narrowed urinary tract or there is some blockage in the urethra, bladder or kidneys. In India on an average 33% of women goes through UTI every year If you suffer from UTI, you may experience a burning sensation while urinating, cloudy urine, strong odour or blood tinge in the urine. If the infection affects the kidneys, you may experience fever, chills, backache, vomiting or nausea.

4. Painful Periods or Dysmenorrhoea

If a woman experiences pain during her menstrual cycle, it is called dysmenorrhoea or painful periods. This condition is further divided into two categories primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea, where primary dysmenorrhoea is associated with no pelvic diseases but secondary dysmenorrhoea is associated with underlying pelvic disorders. The primary dysmenorrhoea is caused due to prostaglandins, natural chemicals in the body. The secondary dysmenorrhoea may occur due to fibroids, endometriosis or adenomyosis. Women may feel intense abdominal cramping and pain, which may sometimes be felt in the lower back too.

5. Fibroids

Fibroids are muscular tumours that can form inside a woman’s uterus. These tumours are rarely cancerous. They usually vary in location, size and shape. There are no obvious reasons that may result in this condition. However, when hormones or genetics play havoc, it may cause fibroids. Women may experience heavy periods, the pressure in lower abdomen, bleeding in between your cycles or pain during sexual intercourse.

6. Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are very common. 1 out of 4 women in india of any age group is affected by Ovarian cysts. There are sacs or   pouches filled with liquid present in the ovaries. Ovarian cysts may result from severe pelvic infections, endometriosis or hormonal issues. Bloating, swelling or pain can be experienced in the abdominal region. However, nausea and vomiting may occur too. There are varied options available from oral medication to surgery. Depending on the size and type of the cyst, treatment may be suggested. Regular scans are to monitor such gynecological problems.

7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This is one of the very peculiar gynecological problems that are found among women. This problem occurs in the upper genital tract organs of a woman’s body that include fallopian tubes, uterus, pelvic peritoneum and other surrounding structures. This may occur in women, who have multiple sexual partners, history of pelvic inflammatory or women who are IUCD users. Women with PID may experience lower abdominal pain, pain during sexual intercourse, abnormal vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding, fever or lethargy.

Gynecological Problems solution
File photo of woman. Source

It is always best and advisable to know your body and keeping a close look on ups and downs. But never ever be your own doctor or try to blow a dart in dark. This article here is purely for the purpose of general awareness. The gynecological diseases affect the reproductive organs such as uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, external genitalia and breasts of a woman and thus it may affect her body’s sexual functions too. Therefore, it is important to acknowledge the symptoms and act promptly to avoid complications. Anyone going through any of the gynecological anomalies in their body give a visit to your gynecologist.

Are you finding a gynecologist? Consult the best near you. Dr. Y Deka.